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20 Facts About Indian Freedom Struggle Everyone Should Know

India became independent at the stroke of midnight on 15th August 1947. It was freedom won by the sacrifices of more than a million Indians. Hundreds and thousands of patriots contributed and gave up their life to the cause of independence. 

Here are some interesting facts about the Indian Freedom Struggle:

20 Interesting Facts About Indian Freedom Struggle

1. The Paik rebellion of 1804

Long before the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, the first full-scale struggle for independence took place in Khardah, Orissa, when the British took way the rights of the King of Khardah on the famous Jagannath temple at Puri.

2. Genesis of the Indian National Congress in 1885

The originator of the idea of the Indian National Congress was Allan Octavian Hume, a retired British diplomat in India.

3. Overseas organisations to fight for independence

The Ghadar Party was a multi-ethnic party founded in the USA to fight for the cause of Indian independence.

4. Khudiram Bose of Bengal

One of the youngest freedom fighters, he was executed at the age of 18 years and 7 months.

5. Newspapers championed the cause of independence

After the partition of Bengal in 1905, several dailies challenging the British were started, like ‘Jugantar” and “Sandhya”.

6. The Kolkata connect

Allan Octavian Hume penned his famous letter representing Indian interests was actually directed at the graduates of the University of Calcutta. It led to the creation of the INC.

7. The first meeting of the INC

The first meeting was scheduled to take place at Pune. However, a cholera outbreak shifted it to erstwhile Bombay.

8. The INC was actually sanctioned by the British government 

INC was a legal body and was sanctioned by the erstwhile Viceroy Lord Dufferin.

9. 72 delegates

Each of the 72 provinces were represented by delegates during the first meeting of the INC.

10. A meek start

The INC was not a revolutionary party at first. Its aim was social reform and to wrest certain concessions from the British rule.

11. Mahatma Gandhi’s entry

interesting facts about Indian freedom struggle - Mahatma Gandhi
A2FP81 Rare studio photograph of Mahatma Gandhi taken in London England UK at the request of Lord Irwin 1931

Gandhi Ji entered into the cause of Indian independence politics after 1915.

12. The first Indian government 

A provisional Government of India was formed on 1 December, 1915 in Afghanistan, for the first time, with Mahendra Pratap as President and Maulana Barkatullah as the Prime Minister.

13. Rampa rebellion 1922

The tribal population under the leadership of Alluri Sitaraman Raju roe up against British rule in Madras Presidency.

14. Bhagat Singh’s call for Purna Swaraj – 19th December 1929


Responding to Bhagat Singh’s call for Purna Swaraj, the INC declared Indian independence from British rule on 19th December 1929 and hoisted the National Flag in Lahore.

15. The U-turn of Jinnah

Jinnah was a member of the INC at the beginning, and wanted Indian independence, before campaigning for an independent and separate Muslim country.

16. Creation of Azad Hind Fauj

Netaji set up the first Indian national army, comprising of 50,000 Indian prisoners of war in Myanmar.

17. The audacity of Netaji

Netaji went to Burma from Germany in a submarine, to recruit soldiers for the Indian army.

18. Gandhi buri

Gandhi buri affectionately refers to Matangini Hazra, a 72-year-old revolutionary from Bengal, who was shot dead while chanting ‘Vande Mataram’ during the Quit India Movement.

19. Declaration of 1945

Immediately after the end of World War 2 in 1945, the British announced their impending departure from, and subsequent freedom of India.

20. A bloody end

Indian independence came at a heavy price, with the creation of two countries, modern-day India and Pakistan, which led to the displacement of 15 million people and the death of more than a million.


These were some of the most interesting facts about Indians freedom struggle.

These were some of the most interesting facts about Indian freedom struggle that not only Indians but everyone should know about.

People from every creed of society came together and stood up for our country, and ultimately wrested freedom from The Crown, after nearly 200 years of colonialism.

This tells us how freedom is not easy to acquire and how we all should cherish it and commit to maintain this freedom with utmost dignity.

How many of these facts did you already know? Would you like to share some more important facts about Indian freedom struggle? Let us know in the comment section below!

Also Read: 20 Incredible Facts About Indian History

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Written by SocialWhir


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