Drug addiction is a chronic disorder which compels the addicts to consume drugs compulsively despite knowing about adverse consequences.
It came as quite a revelation when Delhi and Mumbai ranked among the world’s top 10 cities with the highest rate of cannabis (marijuana or weed) in a survey conducted by an Israel-based firm that sells devices to grow weed at home.
Let’s travel back to the history to get a little insight into the history of drugs.
History Of Drugs And Its Adverse Effects
It is said that it was Alexander the Great who introduced opium to the people of India in 330 B.C. Mughal courts were infamous for their opium use and it was often linked with debauchery, recreation and callous behaviour.
It is believed that it was opium addiction only which led to the demise of Humayun who fell down descending some stairs at his library in Delhi and died from a head injury. Allegedly, he had consumed large amounts of opium.
Another Mughal emperor, Jahangir, became so subdued by opium that it was his wife Noor Jahan who ran his empire.
Further down the lane opium was also used for medicinal purpose, eg. in medicines such as laudanum to ease the body pain. It is also said that
Even history proves how easily drug addiction can topple even the greatest of empires and the greatest of rulers.
Drug Addiction And Its Evil Clutches
It seems that consumption of alcohol and drugs is ubiquitous these days. In metropolitan cities, it occurs due to the glorification of drug consumption among teens and youngsters. One wonders that when people are aware of the effects and causes of drugs then why do they still indulge in its consumption.
What are the causes that result in people falling into the evils clutches of drug abuse?
- Firstly, more often than not, the inclination to try drugs come from a basic need to look fashionable among the friends and sometimes to fit in those uber cool urban parties. And before you know drug addiction has already reared its ugly head.
- Secondly, apart from the social pressure and stress, people often resort to taking drugs when they are dealing with pain-management issues. Eg., People widely favour Oxycodone, a very powerful and addictive drug to ease the pain.
- Thirdly, there is a rage of performance enhancing drugs which are encouraged in various sports. Several such cases have come to light in Olympics, Common Wealth Games, Asian Games etc.
- Moreover, in today’s fast-moving world it’s difficult for some to keep up the pace which sometimes leads to severe stress problems and inability to connect with peers and family.
- Then there are some people who have been through some traumatising experience or are suffering from a mental illness such as depression, in such cases people often turn to drugs.
People think that it would be easy to stop after a while, however, nothing can be farther from the truth. Once the menace of drug addiction rears its head, it is not easy to get rid of it.
What ensues after becoming a victim of drug addiction?
- Drugs befuddle one’s mind, so much so that one cannot even function properly.
- People with drug addiction have hallucinations from time to time.
- It ruins the social life as well as family life.
- A person addicted to drugs becomes unemployable which renders the person unable to cope up with daily life.
- Such people are prone to wild mood swings, paranoia and violence.
- Other drastic physical effects of drugs include heart attack, kidney, liver and brain damage.
Solution To Drug Abuse
Although solutions are many, however, “prevention is always better than any resolution, any cure”. Sharing problems with friends and family can always prevent the threat of drug addiction.
We have several laws that prevent illicit Trafficking of drugs, one of the major drug laws in India are the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985) and the Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985).
However, it’s absurd to believe that prohibiting drugs will curb its addiction completely. The time-honoured adage- “A leopard can’t change its spots” somewhat holds true in this case. An addict can find a myriad of ways to quench his thirst for drugs. As a result, the position of drug mafias will strengthen even more which is detrimental to an already lost cause.
Government and policy makers should apply Drugs prohibition policies pragmatically, where there should be widespread awareness about the ill effects of drinking. What we need is a strict vigilance to stop and punish those involved in the illicit trafficking of drugs.
Furthermore, in India, we’re lacking in rehabilitation centres, even the ones we have are so expensive that only the rich and affluent can seek their help. The impoverished, reeling from drug addiction, have no means to splurge on expensive rehabs. Therefore, there is a pressing need to establish more and more rehabilitation centres to cater to the needs of the indigent.