Ancient India was one of the pioneers of science in the world. If we talk about Indian inventions, namely Agriculture, Astronomy, Architecture, Metallurgy, Mathematics or Medicine, India was at the forefront, especially when compared to other countries.
On top of that, India is the ancient civilization in the whole world. It won’t be wrong to say that owing to so many ancient Indian inventions, the modern world is able to reach the Moon and now gearing to reach Mars.
We are sure you are amazed!
That’s why today we rounded up a list of the top 20 Indian inventions that still impact the lives of billions of people in the world.
Top 20 Indian Inventions & Discoveries
1. The “ZERO”
The ‘Zero’ in the number system was invented in India by a mathematician called “Aryabhatta”.
2. Decimal System
The decimal system and place value system were invented in India around 100 B.C.
Algebra, Calculus, and Trigonometry were also developed in India.
Chess was also invented in India and was originally called Chaturanga. According to ancient books and sagas, Chess was first invented in the 6th century AD. The modern version of Chess that we are used to today is said to be introduced by the Persians.
Yoga originated from India 5000 years ago and it is still in existence. Stone-carved Yoga postures can still be found in Indus Valley that depicts the original Yoga poses and practices.
Ayurveda that helps people attain good health and living was also invented in India 5000 years ago.
7. World’s First University
The first ever university in the world, Takshashila was started in India during the Mauryan Empire under the guidance of Chandragupta Maurya and Chanakya.
8. Origin of Buddhism and Jainism
India is the place of origin of Buddhism and Jainism.
9. Snakes and Ladders
Poet Saint Gyandev invented Snakes and Ladders game in the 13th century in India. The ladders represent the virtues while the snakes indicate vices.
10. Oldest Inhabited City
Banaras (Varanasi) is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. Even Lord Buddha had been to this city.
11. Super Computer
Apart from the U.S. and Japan, India is the only country to build a super computer indigenously.
12. Wireless Communication
Wireless communication was first invented in India by Jagdish Chandra Bose. He was the first person to demonstrate the use of radio waves for communication.
13. Leprosy and Lithiasis Cure
Cure for leprosy and lithiasis were invented in India. The cure is mentioned in Atharva Veda (1500–1200 BCE), though its inventor’s name remains unknown.
Surgery was first done in India by Sushruta. The World still thank Sushruta for developing cataract surgery. He was also the main contributor of Sushruta Samhita.
15. Computer Software
India is one of the largest providers of computer software. More than 90 countries buy software from India.
16. The Science Day
Switzerland has declared May 26 as “The Science Day” in honor of Indian President APJ Abdul Kalam.
17. Natural Fibre
Natural fibers, such as jute, cotton, and wool, they all were originated in India during Indus Valley Civilisation.
Buttons were first invented in India during Indus Valley Civilisation in 2000 BCE. Somewhat 5,000 years ago they made buttons using seashells by giving it a geometrical shape with tiny holes bored into them.
Shampoo the term has derived from the word “Champoo” was invented in 1762 in the eastern parts of India.
20. The Baily Bridge
The Baily Bridge “highest bridge in the world” was built by Indian Army.
Also Read: 20 Amazing & Awe-Inspiring Facts About India