Today, we are discussing some interesting facts about Article 370 of Jammu & Kashmir.
In a historic move, the BJP government has now abrogated the article, which has become a reason to rejoice for the majority of Indians.
Kashmir has been the bone of contention between India, Pakistan, and China for over seven decades now. Parts of it are scattered over these three countries, with the majority of it in India.
Article 370 was a unique link that provides special status to Kashmir, and opinions are fiercely divided over its continued enforcement and legitimacy in India.
Here are 20 interesting facts about Article 370 of Jammu & Kashmir:
Interesting Facts About Article 370
1. Preferential treatment
Article 370 gave preferential treatment to Kashmir, granting it a special status.
2. The Indian Constitution in parts
Article 370 prevented the application of the Indian Constitution in its entirety in Kashmir.
3. Ranbir Code
Article 370 allowed Kashmir to have its own constitution, which is called the ‘Ranbir Code’.
Due to this Ranbir Code, Kashmir had autonomy on all aspects except
4. The refusal of Ambedkar
Dr. BR Ambedkar, the father of the Indian constitution, had refused to table Article 370.
5. Who wrote Article 370?
Article 370 of Jammu & Kashmir was drafted by Diwan Bahadur Gopalaswami Ayyangar.
6. Sheikh Abdullah wanted Kashmir’s sovereignty
In 1947, the erstwhile Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, Sheikh Abdullah, wanted and envisioned Article 370 as a guarantee of Kashmir’s continued sovereignty.
7. A temporary affair
At the time of its creation, Article 370 was tabled as a temporary feature of the Indian constitution. It was always supposed to be removed at a later date.
8. Sardar Patel’s opposition
Sardar Patel, the ‘Iron Man of India’, had misgivings about Article 370. In fact, Sardar Patel never supported Article 370.
9. Initially, Article 370 fell flat
Article 370 was unanimously rejected at first by the Congress Party Executive Committee and the Indian constituent assembly.
10. Ratified by Indira Gandhi
The 1974 Indira Gandhi-Sheikh Abdullah accord approved Article 370 and upheld its legitimacy.
11. What is the Law?
Article 370 says that the article could be amended only by the State Constituent Assembly of Kashmir. But the constituent assembly dissolved on 25th January, 1957. Hence technically, the law cannot be changed at present.
12. Unchanged borders
According to Article 370, the government of India cannot change the borders of Kashmir.
13. No financial emergency
Article 370 prevents the government of India from declaring and enforcing financial emergency under Article 360 in Kashmir.
14. Permanent residents only
The Article further prevents Indian citizens from states other than Kashmir to buy land and property in the state.
15. Supreme court does not reign supreme
Under Article 370, the Honourable Supreme Court of India does not have jurisdiction in Jammu and Kashmir.
14. Six years of legislations
In stark contrast to other Indian states, the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly has a tenure of six years, under the Article 370.
15. No penalty for symbolic offence
Insulting Indian flag and other symbols is not a punishable offence in Jammu and Kashmir under the Article 370.
16. Article 370 allowed Kashmir to refuse land for defence purposes
One of the outcomes of Article 370 is that the state of Kashmir can refuse to allot any land for the purpose of defence.
17. The defection law
Anti-defection Law of the Indian constitution is not applicable in Jammu and Kashmir.
18. The Supreme Court mandate
In 2018, the Supreme Court ruled in favour of Article 370, stating that it has gained ‘permanent status’.
These were some of the most interesting facts about Article 370 of Jammu & Kashmir.
Now, the Article 370 has been repealed by the government of India under Modi’s BJP government on August 5th, 2019.
It is a historic decision and a moment of joy for so many Indians.
Now, Ladakh has been carved out of Kashmir and had been transformed into the 8th Union Territory.
This is the only path to the greater good.
Hope you liked these interesting facts about Article 370 of Jammu & Kashmir!
What do you think about Article 370?
Are you happy with the abolition of Article 370? Or do you think it should not have been abolished?
Let us know in the comment section below!
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