These interesting facts about the American Civil Rights Movement talk the most important instances in the history of the world.
The American civil rights movement was a decade long emancipation movement by African-Americans, who had been oppressed for nearly two hundred years by White Americans.
The movement was most prominently aimed at ending racial segregation in public schools and being granted the right of universal franchise.
Starting in the 1940s, it was a largely peaceful movement, which culminated in the grant of full civil rights to all Americans in the mid-1960s.
Here are 20 interesting facts about the American civil rights movement:
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT THE AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT:
1. United army
Harry Truman was the US President who officially abolished racial segregation in the US army in 1948.
2. Originally proposed by President John F. Kennedy.
The Civil Rights Act was originally proposed by President John F. Kennedy.
3. A gory affair
The National Civil Rights Museum in Memphis, Tennessee, was actually a motel called ‘Lorraine Motel’. It was famous for being the site of the
4. The Civil Rights Act
The Civil Rights Act was made a law by President Lyndon Johnson in 1964.
5. Jim Crow
Jim Crow was a caricature of a vapid and obtuse black slave in the White-dominated US.
6. Jim Crow laws
The Jim Crow Laws enforced racial segregation in Southern US states, before and during the civil rights movement.
7. Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks is famous for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama bus.
Rosa Parks was a prominent figure of the movement, also hailed as the ‘Mother of the civil rights movement’.
8. Freedom ride
These were rides by civil rights activists, on inter-state buses to the southern US states, to validate the enforcement of a US Supreme Court ruling that deemed segregation on inter-state buses to be unconstitutional.
9. The Journey of Reconciliation
Before the US Supreme Court ruling to end segregation on inter-state buses, and the subsequent ‘Freedom Rides’, the Journey of Reconciliation took place in 1947, along similar lines. It is also called the ‘First Freedom Ride’.
10. A White hero
James Peck was one of the very few of the White Americans to support the civil rights movement. He also participated in the first ‘Freedom Ride’.
11. Ku Klux Klan
Ku Klux Klan, described as acting as the military arm of the Democratic Party, was an American White Supremacist group, who were vehemently opposed to the civil rights movement.
12. Letter from Birmingham jail
This is a famous letter penned by Martin Luther King Jr., while incarcerated in Birmingham, on the margins of a newspaper. He was not allowed any writing paper.
13. Malcolm X
The enigmatic Malcolm X was the first to threaten white supremacists with armed revolt, in case of denial of full civil rights to African-Americans.
14. Mau Mau uprising
Malcolm X opined that African-Americans must resort to emulating the Mau Mau revolt in Kenya, to realise their civil rights.
15. Summer of 64
The summer of 1964 is known as the ‘Freedom summer’ in USA.
16. Black Power movement
The Black Power movement was a movement that occurred at parallel with the civil rights movement, aimed at grant of full civil rights.
17. Defenders of segregation
Inexplicably, there were some African-Americans who opposed the civil rights movement, and defended segregation.
18. Reconstruction era
Its roots lay in the Reconstruction era during the 1860s, which essentially kicked off the movement.
19. American Jewish
The civil rights movement was heavily supported by American Jews.
20. Russian roulette
Russia regularly covered and ridiculed the treatment of African-Americans in USA till 1968, during the Cold War.
So, these were some of the most interesting facts about the American civil rights movement.
The USA has demonstrated that it is possible to reverse discriminations that are centuries old if only one has the will power.
The American civil rights movement and its outcome remain a beacon of hope for millions of oppressed people worldwide.
How many of these interesting facts about the American civil rights movement did you already know? Comment below!